The SHAPE America blog is provided as a public service for the purpose of aiding the SHAPE America community. The information and services published on this blog may include inaccuracies, omissions, or errors for which SHAPE America shall not be responsible. Every reasonable effort shall be made by SHAPE America staff to provide accurate, up-to-date information.

Neither SHAPE America, its Board of Directors, staff, agents or members shall be held responsible for any special, consequential, or exemplary damages resulting, in whole or in part, from any user(s)’ use of or reliance upon this blog’s contents. By using the information contained herein, the user willingly assumes all risks in connection with such use including but not limited to verifying the accuracy, completeness, currency and suitability of such information.

SHAPE America may make improvements and/or changes to this blog at any time. We welcome suggestions for such additions, omissions and/or other changes. SHAPE America reserves the right to refuse to post any information on its blog at any time.

Opinions on the SHAPE America blog are those of the authors. They are not necessarily those held by SHAPE America or the authors’ respective employers.

Any advertisements or services stated herein are not endorsed or approved by SHAPE America, its members, funders, sponsors nor any of the organizations shown. Links to other websites are provided for convenience only. No endorsement of any third-party website, services or information is expressed or implied by any information, material or content referred to, included on, or linked from or to this blog.


All posts, articles, information and other materials presented on this blog are subject to copyright, trademark right and/or other intellectual property right owned by or licensed to SHAPE America.

The materials produced by or for the SHAPE America blog (including, but not limited to text, photographs, graphics, video and audio content) are protected by copyright as a collective work or compilation under the copyright laws of the United States and other countries.

Copyright for individual posts, articles, content and other elements comprising this compilation and produced by or for the SHAPE America blog is retained by the authors(s). You must abide by all copyright notices or restrictions contained in any materials produced by or for the SHAPE America blog. You are prohibited from reproducing, copying, modifying, renting, leasing, loaning, selling, distributing, exploiting, extracting, creating derivative works of or otherwise communicating or making available to third parties any part of the content of this website prior written consent.

Notice for Claims of Copyright Violations

If you believe that your work has been copied and posted on our site in a way that constitutes copyright infringement, you should provide the managing editor with a written notice that sets forth the infringement details. All valid claims will be investigated. To be effective, the notice must contain the following information:

  1. a description of the copyrighted work that you believe has been infringed;
  2. a description of the material that you claim is infringing the copyrighted work identified, and a detailed description of where it is located on our website;
  3. your address, telephone number, and email address;
  4. a written statement by you that you have a good faith belief that the disputed use is not authorized by the copyright owner, its agent, or the law;
  5. a statement by you, made under penalty of perjury, that the above information in your notice is accurate and that you are the copyright owner or authorized to act on the copyright owner’s behalf; and
  6. an electronic or physical signature of the person authorized to act on behalf of the owner of the copyright interest.

Permissions and Republication

SHAPE America blog content can be linked to from other websites for non-commercial purposes. Excerpts up to the length of 200 words may be taken without express consent — but must contain a link back to the original post on the SHAPE America blog.

To reprint or republish content online or in non-electronic forms, please e-mail the managing editor with details to gain permission. Because blog posts are contributed by many different authors you must have both SHAPE America’s and the article author’s permission to republish any content. Images and artwork may not be republished.

Any article or materials that you reprint or otherwise reproduce with permission, must be displayed with its byline, if applicable, under the following heading: “This article [material] was published by the SHAPE America blog” (with a link back to the original post).